Modern detective fiction emerged in the nineteenth century with the work of Edgar Allan Poe. This genre evolved with the writings of Arthur Conan Doyle, Sherlock Holmes's creator. Gaining momentum between two World Wars, detective fiction marks its golden age with the writing of Agatha Christie and Dorothy L. Sayers, among other English authors, and with the raising of the formidable and witty detective of American authors like Raymond Chandler and Dashiell Hammett. Soon enough, detective fiction became one of the world's most-read popular genres. Although initially it was perceived as escapist, detective fiction gradually evolved into a form of writing that reflects the social issues of its time. The research focuses on reading modern detective fiction in different prisms and studies how this genre deals with contemporary social reality.